Dry Eye: Main Causes and How to Treat It

Dry Eye: Main Causes and How to Treat It

Dry Eye: Main Causes and How to Treat It

Your eyes depend on their tears to stay moist, uphold eyesight, and maintain comfort. If the tears are not enough to oil and nourish your eyes, you can develop dry eye disease. Dry eye is a prevalent and often lingering problem, especially in adults. Many folks get dry eye disease. But the ailment is not typically severe, and there are steps you can take to treat it.



Do You Have Dry Eye?



If your eyes are so dry, you may feel:


  • Itchy, sore, or irritated.
  • Gritty, like there are sand particles in your eyes.
  • Your vision is blurry.
  • Normal lights are too bright and uncomfortable.
  • Your eyes are very watery.

Having wet eyes with dry eye may sound unusual. But eye irritation from dry eye can make your eyes produce a lot of tears.



What Are the Main Causes of Dry Eye?



Typically, the tear ducts in your upper eyelids keep your eyes moist. Dry eye occurs when the tears produced do not perform their function. This normally means that your tear glands do not generate enough tears to moisturize your eyes The tear glands may not generate the usual amount of tears due to congestion or inflammation in the glands. 



The Tears Produced Are Poor Quality



Tears comprise water, oil, and mucus, which guard and nourish the eye's outer surface. The oil helps retain water and prevent it from evaporating. The mucus helps spread the tears evenly over the eye's surface. 


If the tears dry too fast and fail to spread squarely over the eyes, dry eye can occur. The condition can be worsened by air conditioning, dry or windy weather, and certain medicines.



Are You at Risk of Getting Dry Eye?



Any person can develop dry eye, but you could be at a higher risk if you:


  • Are over 50 years old.
  • Use contact lenses.
  • Have autoimmune disorders, such as Sjogren syndrome or lupus.
  • Lack vitamin A.
  • Are female. Women are more likely to have dry eye than men due to hormonal fluctuations.



Treating Dry Eye



Your treatment plan will be based on what is causing your dry eye so that it can alleviate your symptoms. Some of the treatments include:



Over-the-counter Medication



Mild dry eye can resolve by using artificial tears that you can get over the counter. Eye doctors typically recommend additive-free artificial tears.



Prescription Eye Drops



Your eye doctor may give you a prescription for medical creams, ointments, or eye drops if your dry eye is a bit serious. 



Specialty Contact Lenses



Patients with severe dry eye may prefer wearing specialty contacts that hold moisture and help keep the eyes from drying out.



Punctal Plugs



Punctal plugs are a treatment that uses small silicone pads or gentle heat to help lubricate the eyes and ease discomfort from dryness.



Light Therapy



Light therapy uses light energy to treat dry eye. Combined with eyelid massages, light therapy can help ease severe dry eye symptoms. 



Eyelid Surgery



Eyelid surgery may be necessary if your eyelids are too loose, causing tears to flow away too fast from your eyes. But this treatment is rare. Discuss your options with your eye doctor. Knowing what is causing your dry eye can help improve your symptoms.


For more on the main causes of dry eye and how to treat it, visit Eyecare Center Optometrist, PSC, at our offices in Richmond, Lexington, Beattyville, Irvine, or McKee, Kentucky. Call (859) 208-2020, (859) 623-6643, (859) 272-2449, (606) 464-8148, (606) 726-9321, or (606) 287-8477 to book an appointment today.

admin none 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM Closed Closed 205 Geri Lane Richmond KY 40475 USA 859-623-6643 148 Malabu Dr, Ste 150 Lexington KY 40517 USA 859-272-2449 1073 Broadway St. Beattyville KY 41311 USA 606-464-8148 4235 Richmond Rd. Irvine KY 40336 USA 606-726-9321 830 South Main St. McKee KY 40447 USA 606-287-8477